Sumatran Orangutan Conservation Programme
Every year more than a million hectares of rainforest fall victim to legal or illegal overexploitation around the world. Orangutans are still losing habitat and remain threatened with extinction. For almost 30 years, we have been fighting directly on the ground to conserve orangutans in Sumatra and protect their habitat, the remaining tropical rainforest, whilst at the same time promoting sustainable livelihoods among surrounding communities.
What we want to achieve
Secure wild orangutan populations and healthy, sustainable ecosystems in Sumatra.
Where we work
The Leuser ecosystem is home to approximately 13,200 orangutans – representing 85% of the remaining Sumatran orangutans (Pongo abelii). The 2.6 million hectare ecosystem straddles the border between the Indonesian provinces of Aceh and North Sumatra. It is one of the largest intact, contiguous rainforest areas in Southeast Asia and is the last place in the world where endangered species such as the orangutan, rhinoceroses, elephants and tigers can be found living side-by-side.
What we are doing
Rescue, rehabilitation and reintroduction of orangutans
Monitoring and research of orangutans
Fighting against illegal wildlife trade
Landscape conservation: Leuser Ecosystem
Landscape conservation: Batang Toru Ecosystem
Landscape conservation: Ulu Masen Ecosystem
Fragmentation of the remaining rainforests by roads, settlements and other infrastructure is one of the greatest current threats to the survival of orangutans and many other endangered species in Sumatra. Rapid conversion to agricultural land has already led to an 80% decline in the orangutan population. We are working to ensure that protected rainforest areas are increased, that new areas of forest are protected, and that protection is enforced effectively. We are also committed to increasing and connecting orangutan populations.
Dr. Ian Singleton
YEL is our sister foundation on Sumarta. YEL is responsible for the implementation of all SOCP projects on site.
The SOCP is operated on the basis of a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the Indonesian Ministry of Environment and Forestry’s Directorate General of Natural Resource and Ecosystem Conservation.